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History of the Alaskan Malamute

History of the Alaskan Malamute
 
The Alaskan Malamute was breed by its namesake, an Inuhit tribe known as Mahlemut, who settled on the upper western shores of Alaska. Their dogs were bred for freighting heavy loads from  the sea to their villages.
As a freighting dog it's main attributes was its strength and the ability to endure the extreme and harsh winter conditions of the North and the ability to pull heavy loads over long distances.
 
This dogs not only had to aid in the hunting of whale, Bear , Seal and anything else that could be eaten or worn but it also had to pull back to the village the kills it's owners had made.
 
Speed has never been a issue with the Alaskan Malamute , as they was not bred to race but to acrry heavy cargo in all typres of conditions under  extreme circumstances.
 
The Alaskan malamute became a prised asset to the Mahlamut and was very thought after by prospectors and hunters for carrying their loads.
 
Although during these times any dogs was considered valuable as there was a huge migration  of prospectors into the regions, it was the Malamute and it's strength that was most envied.
 
Many people tried cross breeding there dog with the Malamute but there were some that guarded  the breed vehemently.
 
It wasn't untill 1935 that  the American Kennel Club recogniesd the Alaskan Malamute as a breed and was registered in the working classification.
 
 
Breed Standard

General Appearance
Heavily boned, powerfully built, not too compact and never appearing short on the leg.

Characteristics
Sled dog capable of surviving in Arctic temperatures and of pulling heavy loads at steady speeds.

Temperament
Affectionate, friendly, loyal, devoted companion but not a ‘one man’ dog, playful on invitation, generally impressive by his dignity after maturity but tends to show dominance to other dogs.

Head and Skull
Head broad, powerful, not coarse, in proportion to size of dog. Skull broad between ears, gradually narrowing to eyes, moderately rounded between ears, flattening on top as it approaches eye, rounding off to moderately flat cheeks. Very slight but perceptible stop. Muzzle large in proportion to size of skull, scarcely diminishing in width or depth from stop. Nose black except in red and white dogs when it is brown. Pink streaked ‘snow nose’ acceptable.

Eyes
Brown, almond-shaped, moderately large, set obliquely. Dark eyes preferred, except in red and white dogs where light eyes are permissible. Blue eyes highly undesirable.

Ears
Small in proportion to head. Triangular in shape, slightly rounded at tips, set wide apart, at back of skull. Ears forward when erect. When dog is working sometimes folded against skull.

Mouth
Upper and lower jaws broad with large teeth, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Neck
Strong and moderately arched.

Forequarters
Shoulders moderately sloping; forelegs heavily boned and well muscled, straight as far as pasterns which are short, strong and almost vertical viewed from side.

Body
Strong and powerfully built, chest strong and deep; back straight but not level, sloping slightly downwards from shoulder to croup. Loins well muscled, never so short as to interfere with movement. No excess weight.

Hindquarters
Hindlegs broad and powerfully muscled through thighs; stifles moderately bent, hock joints broad and strong, moderately bent and well let down. Viewed from behind, hindlegs vertical, standing and moving true, in line with movement of front legs. Legs indicate tremendous propelling power.

Feet
Large and compact, toes close, well arched, pads thick and tough, toenails short and strong. Protective growth of hair between toes.

Tail
Moderately high set, following line of spine at start then curving gently upwards. At rest may hang straight down. Well furred and carried over back when dog is working, not tightly curled to rest on back, nor short furred and carried like a fox brush, but giving appearance of a waving plume.

Gait/Movement
Single tracking at trot is normal but movement not too wide or too close at any gait. Easy, tireless, rhythmic movement, produced by powerful drive from hindquarters.

Coat
Thick, coarse guard coat, not long and soft. Dense undercoat, from 2.5-5 cms (1-2 ins) in depth, oily and woolly. Coarse guard coat stands out, with thick fur around neck. Guard coat varies in length as does undercoat, but in general coat of medium length along sides of body, increasing somewhat around shoulders and neck, down back and over croup, as well as in breeching and plume.

Colour
Range is from light grey through intermediate shadings to black, or from gold through shades of red to liver, always with white on underbody, parts of legs, feet and part of mask markings. Markings either caplike or masklike on face. Combination of cap and mask not unusual. White blaze on forehead, white collar, or spot on nape permissible. Heavy mantling of unbroken colour acceptable, broken colour extending over body in spots or uneven splashings undesirable. Only solid colour permissible is all white.

Size
Height: dogs: 64-71 cms (25-28 ins); bitches: 58-66 cms (23-26 ins). Weight between 38-56 kgs (85-125 lbs), size consideration not to outweigh type.

Faults
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

Note
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. 

 Kennel Club.

 
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Origins of the Siberian Husky plus our Sibe's
Origins of the Alaskan Malamute plus our Mal's
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